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The Pakistan Paradox : Instability and Resilience

About the Book
The idea of Pakistan stands riddled with tensions. Initiated by a small group of elite Urdu-speaking Muslims who envisioned a unified Islamic state, today Pakistan suffers the divisive forces of various separatist movements and religious fundamentalism. A small, entrenched elite continue to dominate the country's corridors of power, while democratic forces and legal institutions remain weak. But despite these seemingly insurmountable problems, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan continues to endure. Pakistan Paradox is the definitive history of democracy in Pakistan and its survival despite ethnic strife, Islamism and deep-seated elitism.

This edition focuses on three kinds of tensions that are as old as Pakistan itself. The tension between the unitary definition of the nation inherited from Jinnah and centrifugal ethnic forces, between civilians and army officers who are not always in favour of or against democracy and between the Islamists and those who define Islam only as a cultural identity marker.

About the Author

Dr. Christophe Jaffrelot
 is a senior research fellow at CERI (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales) at Sciences Po (Paris) and research director at the CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), professor of Indian politics and sociology at the Kings India Institute (London) and Global Scholar at Princeton University. He has been a visiting professor at Columbia University, Yale and SAIS (Johns Hopkins University). He is a member of the board of Ashoka University.